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미국 25bp 금리인하 단행(목)2019-08-01

by 오렌지 오렌지훈 2019. 8. 1.
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미국 25bp 금리인하 단행
(목)2019-08-01

트럼프, 기준금리 
0.25%P 인하에
 “파월, 기대 저버려”

미국 중앙은행인 
연방준비제도
(Fed·연준)는 
31일(현지시간) 이틀간에
 걸친 
연방공개시장위원회
(FOMC) 
정례회의를 통해 기준금리를 
종전 2.25~2.50%에서
 2.00~2.25%로 
0.25%포인트 
인하했다고 밝혔다.

연준은 성명에서 “미미한 
인플레이션과 경제 전망
을 위한 글로벌 전개 
상황에 대한 ‘함의’에 
비춰 기준금리를
 인하한다”고 배경을 
설명했다. 

이어 “이 같은 조치는 
경제활동의 지속적인
 확장과 강력한 노동시장 
여건, 대칭적인 2% 
목표 주변에서의 인플레이션
 등이 가장 유력한 결과로 
보인다는 위원회의 견해를 
지지한다”면서도 “이런 전망
에 대한 불확실성이 
여전하다”고 밝혔다.

연준은 또 “가계 지출은 
증가세를 보이지만 
기업투자는 약해지고
(soft) 있다”고 평가했다. 

아울러 “인플레이션과 
변동성이 큰 식품,에너지를 
제외한 근원 인플레이션이 
12개월 전 대비 연준의 
목표치인 2%를 밑돌고 
있다”고 지적했다.

◇다음은 연준의 FOMC 정책성명서 전문.
Federal Reserve issues FOMC statement
For release at 2:00 p.m. EDT
Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in June indicates that the labor market remains strong and that economic activity has been rising at a moderate rate. Job gains have been solid, on average, in recent months, and the unemployment rate has remained low. Although growthof household spending has picked up from earlier in the year, growth of business fixed investment has been soft. On a 12-month basis, overall inflation and inflation for items other than food and energy are running below 2 percent. Market-based measures of inflation compensation remain low; survey-based measures of longer-term inflation expectations are little changed.
Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability. In light of the implications of global developments for the economic outlook as well as muted inflation pressures, the Committee decided to lower the target range for the federal funds rate to 2 to 2-1/4 percent. This action supports the Committee‘s view that sustained expansion of economic activity, strong labor market conditions, and inflation near the Committee’s symmetric 2 percentobjective are the most likely outcomes, but uncertainties about this outlook remain. As the Committee contemplates the future path of the target range for the federal funds rate, it will continue to monitor the implications of incoming information for the economic outlook and will act as appropriate to sustain the expansion, with a strong labor market and inflation near its symmetric 2 percent objective.
In determining the timing and size of future adjustments to the target range for the federal funds rate, the Committee will assess realized and expected economic conditions relative to its maximum employment objective and its symmetric 2 percent inflation objective. This assessment will take into account a wide range of information, including measures of labor market conditions, indicators of inflation pressures and inflation expectations, and readings on financial and international developments.
The Committee will conclude the reduction of its aggregate securities holdings in the System Open Market Account in August, two months earlier than previously indicated.
Voting for the monetary policy action were Jerome H. Powell, Chair; John C. Williams, Vice Chair; Michelle W. Bowman; Lael Brainard; James Bullard; Richard H. Clarida; Charles L. Evans; and Randal K.Quarles. Voting against the action were Esther L. George and Eric S. Rosengren, who preferred at this meeting to maintain the target range for the federal funds rate at 2-1/4 to 2-1/2 percent.
Implementation Note issued July 31, 2019


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